What Is Deep Learning? Part II: Critique

As the reading for this session outlines, critiques of the concept of “deep learning” that have emerged since the 1990s have been few and far between, but no less insightful for it. Central to their arguments  is the claim that the principles of deep and surface learning have been so seductive  –  and politically timely…

What Is Deep Learning? Part I: Seminal Texts

The association of the word deep with the word learning is pervasive in higher education: it is ubiquitous in the research literature, it crops up in the delivery of teaching courses, in conversations  about learning effectiveness and in institutional consultation and policy documents.  It is a pairing of words that is normally used to denote learning that is somehow…